Psoriasis is a non-infectious, inflammatory disease of the skin. It is characterized by well-defined erythematous (reddish) plaques with large adherent silvery scales. The main abnormality in psoriasis is an increased proliferation of the skin layers due to excessive cell division in the basal layers of the skin. Severe itching may be associated with the plaques. Dryness of the skin and silvery scaling are characteristic of this condition.
1% to 3% of the most population has Psoriasis. It is very common among Europeans and North Americans and often seen between the ages of 15 to 40.
Psoriasis can be considered as the vitiation of Vata and Kapha. (Two of the basic energies/humors, which maintains our body equilibrium). Accumulation of low potency poisons (Dooshi vishas), are the basic pathological changes taking place in the system. Irregular food habits, consumption of foodstuffs that cannot be eaten together (Eg: diary products with fish), excessive intake of yogurt, black gram, seafood, sour and salted items etc can activate the pathogenesis. Alcohol and tobacco consumption will act as a catalyst here. Ayurveda does emphasize the effect of stress in the pathogenesis of Psoriasis.
Treatment of Psoriasis, according to Ayurveda, focuses on detoxification of the body or elimination of toxins from the body fluids. It is achieved by “Panchakarma” treatments.This includes internal and external medications purely of plant origin.